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  • Paper: Post-seismic deformation reveals a significant seismic hazard is still present at Bam (Iran)

    In 2003 a devastating Mw 6.6 earthquake shook the city of Bam in the remote Kerman region of SE Iran, killing at least 31,000 people. This was one of the most destructive earthquakes on record in Iran, and racked up the fifth largest death toll of any earthquake since the year 2000. This blog post will focus on highlighting research which shows that even after this awful natural disaster, the hazard posed by faults in the area is likely to have remained high, contrary to many common assumptions.

    Immediately following the Bam earthquake scientists scrambled to map the housing damage, surface fractures, aftershock patterns and co-seismic deformation to better understand the earthquake source [1][2]. One such study found that the structure responsible for the extreme shaking  at Bam was a previously unrecognised near-vertical strike-slip fault directly beneath the city, which ruptured between 2-8 km depth [3]. However, accurate aftershock locations suggested that the fault zone could generate earthquakes well below the base of the 2003 rupture patch, to nearly 20 km depth [4].

    Slip distribution during the 2003 Bam earthquake and the associated aftershocks (white circles). The aftershocks are clearly occurring below the co-seismic rupture, suggesting the bottom half of the fault is seismogenic and unruptured.

    Slip distribution during the 2003 Bam earthquake and the associated aftershocks (white circles). The aftershocks are clearly occurring below the co-seismic rupture, suggesting the bottom half of the fault is seismogenic and unruptured.

    The observation that only part of the seismogenic layer at Bam had ruptured in 2003 posed a series of important questions for the future seismic hazard in this already fragile region:

    (1) Will post-seismic deformation mechanisms relax the stress changes generated by the 2003 earthquake on the fault surface aseismically?

    (2) What is the future seismic hazard at Bam?

    In a recent paper published in Geophysical Journal International, we have addressed these questions, as well as other topics of academic interest, by studying the post-seismic deformation after the Bam earthquake [5].

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  • What’s up? The Friday links (80)

    Here are some links I collected on today’s Kent Earthquake, the impossible task of earthquake prediction and some videos on Structure From Motion and Pacific tsunami propagation. Today is Friday and here are your links!

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  • What’s up? The Friday links (79)

    The Geoblogosphere is full of links on the Gorkha Earthquake in Nepal – and we have some links on this major event, too. But we found also some few more links on creating beautiful scientific posters, hilarious geomemes, and more. Today is Friday and here are your links!

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  • What’s up? The Friday links (73)

    A lot of great papers were published this week, so prepare for some reading this weekend. The South Napa Earthquake, drilling the Alpine Fault, earthquake supercycles and a landslide handbook. Today is Friday and here are your links!

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  • What’s up? The Friday links (72)

    Today is Friday! We have an earthquake in Spain, stunning photographs, LEGO, and a guide on how to avoid being misquoted. Here are your links!

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  • What’s up? The Friday links (68)

    Welcome back! Fewer links, a bit more to read! Do roads mean landslides are more likely? What were the Great Survey geologists wrong about? Today is Friday and here are your links!

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  • What’s up? The Friday links (66)

    Second week of 2015 is already over, time runs fast, right? Have you met all your deadlines yet? You are already on the final stretch: Today is Friday, here are your links!

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  • What’s up? The Friday links (64)

    Ho, ho, ho! Merry Christmas, everybody. Have a joyful season and a happy, happy, happy new year! In case you’ve forgotten (over eating and drinking): Today is Friday and here are your links!

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  • Animation of the 2011 worldwide seismicity

    A very nice animation of the 2011 worldwide seismicity for earthquakes M ≥ 4.5 in the following link http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cwWn_W6ZbT4&feature=youtu.be (with sound intensity for each earthquake plotted on an orthographic globe map).

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