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Georadar on active (?) faults in Oman

I am currently at GUtech in Oman, a sister university of RWTH Aachen University, for teaching Geophysics and I spend most of the free time in the field with my colleague Gösta Hoffmann. On Friday we went to the Batinah area NW of Mascat to look for active faults. The Batinah is a plain of most likely Quaternary age, made up from the sediments delivered from the huge mountains in the south. Folded Tertiary limestones are cropping out close to the mountain range. Some of them are covered by Quaternary gravels, others aren’t.

We went there to check if this might be due to relatively recent fault activity that caused some blocks to be uplifted.

Quaternary gravels (gray) and folded Tertiary limestone ridges (yellow) in the Batinah plain.

 

A fault cutting through the Tertiary sediments, but how old is it? Does it affect the Quaternary, too?

Slickensides and fault zones are visible in few places and only in the Tertiary. Since the area is not sufficiently mapped until now, we need to get more information on the dip of the strata and the folds’ geometry before we can create a structural model. We decided to try low frequency georadar (GPR) measurements on a cross section perpendicular to the suspected faults for imaging sediment geometry. Using an unshielded GSSI 20 MHz antenna we aimed on penetration depths of around 20 – 50 m in the best case. We took a differential GPS (DGPS) with us to record the topography of the profiles. This allowed us to correct the GPR data.

Gösta (right) and me (left) carrying the antenna.

Hard working geologists in the Omani desert.

From the first analysis it becomes clear that the unshielded GPR antenna is very sensible to external electromagnetic waves. Our DGPS rover connects to the base station via radio waves, which gave a strange pattern in the radargram:

The radargram is disturbed by the radio signals of the DGPS antenna.

Of course, these patterns can easily be identified and we will not confuse them with dipping reflectors.

Could this be dipping Tertiary strata? Is there a fault in between? Many questions still need to be answered…

The radargrams are not quite clear, and I will try to improve the data processing. Maybe there is some more information hidden that we can combine with the mapping results.

However, we are sure that there are faults, but we need to find out if they affected the Quaternary or not…

There are faults, but how old?

The fault! The fault! I’ve found the fault! (Gösta)

Read more about Gösta Hoffmann’s research on the short- and long-term environmental changes along the coastline of Oman here and here.

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Christoph Grützner

Christoph Grützner

works at the Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge. He likes Central Asia and the Mediterranean and is looking for ancient earthquakes.

See all posts Christoph Grützner

2 Comments

  • Nahum | April 8, 2013|13:23 (UTC)

    Loved it your article about the use of Georadar. I’m working on a solution to use the sensor avaiable on the mobile phones for quick surveys 🙂

  • Nahum | April 12, 2013|19:08 (UTC)

    I’m using a Samsung Galaxy 3 at this moment. It has 9 nanoteslas of resolution, but the main problem we are encountering is the spatial resolution, and we are trying to get a solution using 2 mobile phones and creating a network to get better resolution in the GPS data. I hope to have sometime soon to test the new software advances 🙂

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